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Consequences of Charlemagne's coronation became one of most important forces in Medieval Europe. Charlemagne's reign consumed with wars in which he was usually victorious.
Most important - the conquest of the Saxons and the Lombards bringing much of Germany and Italy into the circles of Holy Roman Empire and medieval civilization.
The very culture of Europe during this period was military in nature - a warrior code.
It was a hierarchical system of social relationships wherein a noble lord granted land known as a fief to a free man, who in turn swore fealty to the lord as his vassal and agreed to provide military and other services.
Because of its unique position as the medieval continuation of the Roman State, it has tended to be dismissed by classicists and ignored by Western medievalists.
The Romans adopted the Greek word and used it to label (and usually libel) the peoples who surrounded their own world. Interview with NOVA and the curator of exhibit on Vikings at the Smithsonian." Explore a Viking village. Byzantine civilization constitutes a major world culture.
Carolingian Decline and Division of the Empire to Louis the Pious.
"He was so moderate in the use of wine and all sorts of drink that he rarely allowed himself more than three cups in the course of a meal.
The period of history between the decline of the Roman Empire and the Renaissance known as the "Dark Ages" are an era of superstition, war, and death. "Byzantium is the name given to both the state and the culture of the Eastern Roman Empire in the middle ages.