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Osl dating sediments

In addition, the inherent residual level is influenced by the susceptibility of the luminescence signal of a specific mineral to solar resetting.The OSL signal of potassium feldspar is usually more resista nt to solar resetting than most quartz.The radiation dose that is equivalent to the natural luminescence emission of isolated quartz and feldspar grains is referred to as the equivalent dose (D: measured in grays: 100 rads = 1 gray) and is one half of the OSL age equation (Eq. In most dating applications quartz is often the favored mineral because of its abundance in sediments, ease of physical separation and known stability of luminescence emissions.In contrast, feldspar minerals are often less abundant, and have a troubling signal instability (anomalous fading), though yield considerably brighter OSL emissions.OSL dating is predicated on measurements of a specific mineral and particle size, usually quartz or potassium feldspar.

The advent of single aliquot regenerative (SAR) dose procedures for quartz (Murray and Wintle, 2003; Wintle and Murray, 2006) has provided the needed analy tical flexibility to compensate for variable luminescence properties of quartz and feldspar grains and laboratory-induced sensitivity changes, particularly associated with preheat treatments and with laboratory beta irradiation.

Purity of the separate is accessed through microscopic inspection and point counting of grain mineralogy.

Spectral purity of quartz is often determined by excitation by infrared light from a diode array with subsequent light emissions associated presumably with feldspar contaminants.

Exposure of mineral grains to light or heat (at least 300˚C) reduces the luminescence to a low and definable residual level.

Often this luminescence “cycle" occurs repeatedly in many depositional environments with signal acquisition of mineral grains by exposure to ionizing radiation during the burial period and signal resetting (“zeroing") with light exposure concurrent to sediment erosion and transportation. (a) Luminescence is acquired in mineral grains with exposure to ionizing radiation and trapping of electrons.

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