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It would take an additional 5,730 years for the 50 pounds to decay to only 25 pounds, and so on, halving the amount of C-14 every 5,730 years.
When C-14 is formed, it begins to break down into nitrogen as it loses an electron from the nucleus.
It would take 30,000 to 50,000 years to go from zero C-14 until equilibrium is reached.
Since scientists accept the concept of evolution, they conclude that the atmosphere is millions of years old.
Since C-14 equilibrium would certainly have been reached in the first 50,000 years, it is millions of years ago.
When carbon-14 dating was first utilized, it was based on the idea that the amount of C-14 was, in fact, stable and unchanging and, therefore, the ratio between C-12 and C-14 was thought to be constant. It was discovered that C-14 equilibrium had not yet been reached.
This is one of the difficulties for those relying on carbon dating.C-14 is constantly being produced when cosmic rays strike the upper atmosphere.Cosmic rays hit gasses in the upper atmosphere and knock off neutrons.In fact, it was estimated that the formation rate of C-14 was 30 percent greater than the decay rate, meaning the amount of C-14 in the atmosphere is increasing.What was the solution for scientists to be able to continue using carbon-14 dating? Deciding to use the ratio of C-12 to C-14 present in that year, they considered it to be the point of equilibrium.
Anything that was never alive cannot be dated using carbon dating methods.